There are several climate factors that need to be considered when selecting, installing, and maintaining your natural stone veneer. The makeup and characteristics of the stones, installation method, and maintenance requirements of your stone are all impacted by the climate.
Stones with cracks or deep pits or textures are more susceptible to cracking and breaking during freeze and thaw cycles. This damage can be prevented by using the stone in covered areas like a covered patio. If you are using this stone in an exposed area, you can also seal this type of stone with deep-penetrating sealers that will block moisture from getting absorbed into the stone and causing the damage when it freezes.
Your installation method can also reduce potential climate-related damage. When dry stacking stones, a tight mortar joint behind the stones can help lock out moisture from rain, humidity, and high winds. Also, since grout is more porous than stone, if your installation method includes a lot of grout, sealing your grout and stone is even more beneficial.
Climate also impacts the level and frequency of maintenance you will need to perform. Excess rain, humidity, heat, and winds can be abrasive to your stone project. While the stone itself is extremely durable, the need for higher quality sealers and more frequent cleaning may be required. Excessive buildup of dirt can trap moisture in the stone, creating a destructive layer of dirt. More regular cleaning by washing the stone can protect the beauty of your stone.